8+ Interesting Facts About Hampi River Tungabhadra

Tungabhadra Hampi river
Source: Unsplash

Hampi is situated on the southern side, somewhere in between this Tungabhadra river path. The flow of the river takes some major twists and turns in this area because of the rocky land. This river is extremely significant in the religious as well as the political history of Hampi. 

Hampi River Details

Hampi River
Source: Unsplash

Tungabhadra river is one of the main rivers in South India. Two rivers Tunga and Bhadra unite and form this Tungabhadra river. This is the reason why the Tungabhadra river is called this name. This river flows in the northwest direction and after that, it joins an eastern river, the Krishna river. Krishna river flows and ends after meeting the Bay of Bengal.

Both rivers Bhadra and Tunga originate from the Western Ghats on the eastern slope. A hydroelectric project and a dam are constructed around 20 km southwest of Hampi across this Tungabhadra river.

The kings of Vijayanagara took benefit of this river. They constructed a host near the river and use it as aqueducts and for the irrigation of canals. This river supplies water to various man-made water bodies in the urban area. Some of the historic canals are now used to irrigate agricultural fields.

Some Facts About Tungabhadra River

Source: Unsplash
  • It is the largest and the main tributary of the Krishna river
  • It is formed with the joining of two rivers named Tunga and Bhadra
  • A known world heritage site Hampi lies on the bank of Tungabhadra
  • A popular temple, Virupaksha temple also lies on the bank of this river.
  • Tributaries of the Tungabhadra river are- Tunga and Bhadra on the left side, Bhadra, Hindi, and Vedavati on the right bank. 
  • A dam named Tungabhadra dam is located across this river
  • At last, the Tungabhadra river merges with the Krishna river in Andhra Pradesh.

Tales Behind The Formation Of This Hampi River

According to some legends, in order to protect the world from the deluge, an avatar of Lord Vishnu, Varaha brings an island. The sweat while doing this falls down his tusks and twin rivers named Tunga and Bhadra originated.

This Tungabhadra river was known as Pampa in earlier times. According to some legends, the daughter of Lord Brahma, named Pampa did penance at this spot. The motive of this penance was to impress Lord Shiva. Later, Lord Shiva and Pampa married. On the edge of this river, there are several shrines and idols dedicated to Lord Shiva. Pilgrims worship those idols and seek blessings from this pious spot. 

About Tungabhadra Hampi River 

This river is one of the largest and main tributaries of the Krishna river. A Tungabhadra dam is built near Hospet across the Tungabhadra river. This river is 298 km long. In the lower portion of the Tungabhadra river below the dam, black cotton soils are found.

This river is the habitat of diverse flora and fauna. It includes many different species of fish and other animals. Tungabhadra basin has 5 wildlife sanctuaries and 1 national park. Ranebennur Black Buck Sanctuary, Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary, Shettyhalli Wildlife Sanctuary, Bhadra Tiger Reserve,  Daroji Bear Sanctuary, and national park named  Kudremukh National Park.

Final Note

Tungabhadra river attracts over 25000 visitors every year. It is a famous spot near Hampi in Karnataka. The water of this river is used in many ways. It is used in the form of bathing, drinking, fishing, irrigating crops, watering livestock, and many more. This river is a major source of water for the people who live in the basin. It not only supports humans but animals as well. It is a popular tourist destination, especially for those who come to enjoy the wildlife. 

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